Mural Tour at Dothan Established in 1885, Dothan is a center of industry and Trade in Alabama’s Wiregrass region from the South East corner of This state.

Throughout its course, the city’s economic and political fortunes are tied into the rich dirt which produces the surrounding agricultural industry so profitable. In 1903, Dothan became the seat of Houston County, the 67th and last county featured into Alabama. Subsequent to the devastation of the cotton crops by boll weevil infestation in the 1910s, the region embraced peanut farming and has developed into one of the largest peanut-producing regions in the world. Even with new investments in trade, medicine, and education, Dothan remains associated with it agricultural beyond and functions as a hub to the area predominantly rural and small-town population. Since the 1980s, Dothan has been dominated by a mayor, chosen from the city atlarge, and also a six-member commission.

Early History

Situated at the intersection of 2 Native American trade routes and provided with a Fresh-water spring, Present Day Dothan was a Yamassee and also Creek trading article in years before non-Indians started settling in southeastern Alabama. Throughout the 1830s, the area’s extensive stands of yellow walnut drawn lumbermen out of Georgia who established that a permanent camp site at the spring’s clearing and named it Poplar Head for its surrounding trees. Soon, settlers who were enticed into the area by the availability of land built modest log cabins near the spring. This early settlement was located near the presentday intersection of Main and also Fortner Streets. Growing, but was slow; from 1860, only nine families lived in Poplar Head.

Festival Signs

For not quite twenty years, the Poplar Head community shifted little. By the late 1870s, but with the development of the timber, turpentine, along with naval stores businesses in the region, more settlers arrived at the region for work. They began clearing out the surrounding land for farms and assembled more homes. Not surprisingly spurt of growth, the payoff stayed isolated. When citizens flocked into the national government to ascertain the community’s first post office, they discovered there was just another town in Alabama named Poplar Head. A local minister suggested renaming town Dothan, in honour of a little village said in the Bible. The name was approved and the town was incorporated on November 10, 1885.

In its first days, Dothan was a demanding place that required a toll on its own civic-minded citizens. Area farmers and lumbermen who arrived to town on the evenings had little respect for the regulations and officials of the recently incorporated authorities. In its first five years, a succession of mayors and lawmen resigned their rankings in exasperation. A growing split between the townspeople and the regional farmers resulted in the 1889″Dothan Riot,” which happened following the town passed an ordinance taxing cotton wagons that went throughout the city. The native Farmers’ Alliance maintained the step, and their leader was arrested for refusing to cover the tax. His arrest caused a gun fight in that he and two other farmers were killed by the local marshal. Such violence was unprecedented in the small town, and after that the riot worries between both farmers and regional officials cooled. The arrival of this railroad transformed Dothan into the commercial center of Henry County, and also the growth of town soon outpaced both its riverfront rival Columbia and the county chair of Abbeville.

Since Dothan continued to grow in size and importance, town boosters began to call to get an enlarged role in state and county politics. Local shareholders and the editor of the Dothan Light led the push to develop a brand new county, using Dothan because its own seat of government. Area delegates to Alabama’s 1901 constitutional convention successfully researched their state’s legislation on county size to allow for that new thing. The Alabama legislature created Houston County, named in honor of former governor George S. Houston (1874-1878), at February 1903, also Dothan was selected because of its seat of the government.

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